The way of the sword, already drawn.
Another name for iai.
The way of drawing the sword.
Old school or lineage.
Jikiden Eishin Ryu A style or
style related to the above, originated by Nakayama Hakudo.
Seitei Basic, fundamental. Seitei Gata, fundamental techniques (kata).
Etiquette, method of bowing
Same as above.
Method of etiquette
Taking sword from belt
Same as teito shisei.
Putting sword into belt
holding the sword loose by the left side. Also used when sword is in
belt and both hands loose at sides.
holding the sword by the left side, as if in the obi. Thumb on tsuba.
Bow to the high section of the dojo.
Bow to kamiza (gods)
Bow to each other.
as tachi rei.
(GATA) NI REI
Bow to teacher(s)
Bow to shrine.
Thank you (informal)
Thank you (formal)
Thank you very much (very formal)
Please go ahead
Excuse me, I'm sorry
Please (when asking for something, usually as in Please lets practice
"(Please) teach me", such as a polite way to get a game with
an older better player at a Go club, or before keiko with a visiting
high ranked kendo sensei.
shimasu is used when asking someone to do something for you, but unlike
kudasai, which needs to be attached to the verb, onegai shimasu can
stand by itself, such as in giving an item to buy to the cashier, or to
a waiter to get a dirty plate removed, or as an additional exhortation
after the initial please, as in "Oshiete kudasai. Onegai shimasu."
Yarimasho-ka might also be better for "Let's practice (play)
together, shall we?"
OTSUKARESAMADESHITA A thank-you that is used after training.
TSUKARE SAMA DESHITA You have become tired (because of the hard work you have done teaching)
An expression of thanks.
SUMIMASEN Excuse me (to attract attention).
A senior teacher, properly used within the school only, when outside,
Student grade, from 5 to 7 up to 1, the highest.
More advanced grades, from 1 to 10.
Members with dan grades.
Members with kyu grades
Highest title from ZNKR, must be 55 or older and 8 dan.
Middle title from ZNKR, must be 7th dan.
Title bestowed from ZNKR in addition to Dan ranks.
Head of style (actually head of family, unifier of gods and lineage)
"Owner" of school (organization) eg. Sei Do Kai
"Owner" of school (building, hall) eg.
Side of dojo opposite shinzen
High side, Shinzen.
Front of room.
Altar, gods place.
opposite sensei, where students sit.
Students line up on one side of the room, instructors on the other. Shinzen is one of the two remaining sides, usually depending on where the door to the room is. If the door is in a corner, usually that corner is where the lowest ranked students would sit. Preferably, shinzen is to the east.
That's all (after recitation).
Warm-ups are finished.
Get your sword(s).
More, eg. mo oki, bigger.
Close the eyes, meditation.
Replace swords into saya.
YURU YAKA NI Smooth.
Lift or raise up.
Draw the sword.
Not like that, wrong.
To scoop out, gouge.
Unskillful, poorly done.
Standard, basic level.
"False sword", bad style, twitchy tournament style
A little, a small amount.
MON JI A
ICHI MON JI
A vertical line.
ICHI MIN JI
A horizontal line.
Degrees, eg. kyu ju do is 90 degrees.
Horizontal, to the side.
To move, as in saya biki or hakama biki.
Reverse, opposite, inverted.
The other way around.
Coming close or drawing near.
SOKO There, that position.
The protective skirt.
Small hand cloth to wipe face. Also worn under the helmet in kendo.
Practice uniform for kendo.
Demonstration top / uniform.
Refers to top only.
Over vest / jacket.
Lapel / part of monk's costume hanging from left shoulder.
Family crests on uniform (5).
Wide sleaved top with mon on chest, sleeve and back.
Sleeve, on practice top.
Large sleeves on formal tops.
Chest patch embroidered with own name and dojo name.
Straps / cords
Peg in back of hakama.
Split in side of hakama.
plate on hakama.
Japanese sock-slippers used in dojo.
ZORI Japanese sandals for use outside dojo.
Half forward stance.
Equal stance, feet parallel forward
Hips lowered, stable position.
HIZA, TATE HIZA
Kneeling on one calf.
Kneeling, but up on the toes.
Kneeling on both calves.
squatting (crouching) position in Kendo practice.
Middle kamae, sword in middle, seigan is a chudan gamae.
Lower level, sword pointed down.
Figure 8 stance, sword by side of head. Usually hasso hidari, sword on
right, left foot forward.
Upper level, sword above head. Usually hidari jodan, left foot forward.
like waki gamae, blade horizontal.
Arms crossed over to hide technique (mountain mist).
Blade vertical in front of face.
Natural step, fundamental kamae.
WAKI GAMAE Sword pointed down and back, for a sutemi (sacrifice) waza. Usually sword on right side (migi waki gamae), left foot forward. Other purpose - hiding length of sword, especially in case of a broken one.
Diagonal upward cut.
Diagonal downward cut. A kesa is a sash worn diagonally across the chest
by buddhist priest.
Cut. (kiru: to cut)
as gyaku kesa giri.
Large diagonal cut, sword finishing in waki gamae position. Different
meaning in kendo, refers to partnered practice with attacker performing
successive yokomen and defender blocking.
Dropping cut, straight down.
Strike on front of head.
Block to protect the leg (shin).
Receive and deflect.
Strike on side of head.
Kendo techniques (wazas):
Sword lowered technique
reverse-side or rotating warding technique.
Both cut men, the weaker cut bounces off and the stronger, more centred
cut hits the target.
Displacement, dodging or avoidng technique.
Small wrist swing technique
Literal meaning of suri-age is sliding up. It's any oji or shikake (oji
- counterattcking, shikake attacking) technique which involves creating
the opportunity by sliding your shinai upwards along the opponent's
Uchiotoshi-waza A downward strike used to knock the sword away or out of the opponent's hands.
- structured practice; form or pattern.
Free practice (kendo).
with the finishing position with tip about 2" above floor.
Practice where the instructor offers openings to the student, who must
attack the openings immediately.
This is the migi-men, hidari-men practice with another person
blocking.MI TORI KEIKO Watching practice.
Suburi with the "corners" of the head as target, 45 degree
angle - same technique as in kiri-kaeshi
Suburi practising left and right yoko-men alternately.
Match within a competition.
UCHIKOMIGEIKO - continuous attack practice
Small variations in same basic technique.
Substitute or totally different techniques.
Gaze at the far mountains.
To unsheath a sword.
TSUKE or KIRI TSUKE, simultaneous draw and strike.
Standing edge, draw with edge up.
Acceleration, buildup to climax.
Movement of scabbard.
Tip at koiguchi during draw, just before strike, the flight from the
Lifting sword from nuki to morote jodan.
KUDASHI or KIRI TSUKE the finishing strike.
Pulling down. (Usually the opponent).
Pulling cut, usually when pulling over teki.
Flipping over. (Flipping up the blade).
Shaking off the blood, cleaning the blade.
Large or circular chiburi.
Horizontal chiburi, move to the side.
Wiping off the blood, as is done in Uke Nagashi.
Replacing the blade in the saya.
Standing noto, blade replaced with edge facing up.
ZANSHIN Awareness, watchfulness, "lingering heart".
Grip on sword with fingers pulling into palm.
Wringing. Twisting the hands inward over the handle on the cut.
Angle of movement of the edge. Where the edge is "pointing".
that allows cutting action with blade.
Pushing hand. Pressing forward with the blade.
for seme te. Covering or protecting hand.
position that does not allow a cut. Dead hand.
Stopping hand, one that is defensive.
for shini te.
hands on tsuka.
SOE TE "Assisting hand" One hand on tsuka, one on blade.
a dagger with no tsuba, typically worn by women
Hardwood replica of sword.
Hardwood replica of sword.
Great small, the set of two swords, daito and shoto.
Great sword, larger of the set of two, daisho along with shoto.
War sword, usually refers to those made just prior to and during WWII.
Practice sword for Iaido, usually not sharp.
Same as Daito. Mounted edge up.
Sword, usually refers to the straight double edged type.
equivalent to SHOTO, lit. "small TACHI" with the same fittings
as a tachi.
"Old sword". Blades before about 1600.
Wooden sword, usually heavy.
Bamboo practice sword, used for Kendo.
A real or "live" blade.
New swords, from about 1600 to 1870.
the smaller of a pair of daisho, the other is the daito.
Old style sword, (koto) mounted edge down.
a knife-sized short sword, typically less than 1 SHAKU in length
Sword, curved type, single edge.
Inside sword, forerunner of Katana, worn in belt.
equivalent to SHOTO, the shorter sword in a DAISHO pair, typically less
than 2 SHAKU in length
Other bladed weapons:
Similar to a naginata, a curved blade on a pole.
Halberd - a long pole with a curved blade on the end
Measuring the sword:
30.2 cm. or 11.9 inches.
1/10 of a shaku.
1/10 of a sun, 0.3 cm
Measure of length of blade from kissaki to mune machi in a straight line
Measure of curve of blade from nagasa to mune at deepest point.
Sword length parameters:
Daito, Katana, = 2+ shaku.
Parts of the sword:
For Tachi. That side that faces out from the hip when it is in the saya
in its usual mounting. This side is signed by the swordmaker.
For Tachi. Side that faces the hip.
(Katana) Side facing out.
(Katana) Side facing hip.
The side with the signature.
The side with the signature.
on the sword blade (tang to tip):
Tang of blade.
Signature on tang.
marks on tang.
Back of tang, meets mune at mune machi. Also called Nakago-mune.
Notch for habaki, at back of blade.
Notch for habaki, at edge side of blade.
of blade nearest tsuba.
of blade nearest tip, cutting area.
at thickest part of blade.
Back of blade.
of blade near back from shinogi to mune.
Grooves down shinogi ji.
blade between shinogi ji and jigane, ridge at widest point of blade.
Area of blade between hamon and shinogi.
Refers to the steel material. Jigane = skin steel. Shingane = core
steel. These have different carbon contents. Appearance of the jigane is
controlled by the smith's folding technique. Can be of different
patterns, courseness, etc.
Ha = edge, Mon = Pattern. The shape or style of the yakiba. This does
not necessarily exactly follow the shape of the yakiba. A polisher will
"improve" it sometimes.
Face of the blade between shinogi and ha, includes hiraji and hamon.
Yaki = fired, Ba (Ha) = edge. The hardened part of the blade near the
Boundary of the yakiba.
Line between edge plane and tip plane.
Point where shinogi, yokote, and ko shinogi meet.
Shinogi line through tip area.
Tip area, from yokote to end.
Cutting edge in tip area.
The hamon of the kissaki. Hardened area in tip / the curve leading to
Fittings of the sword:
Fitting at end of handle, end of handle.
style, or pattern, or method of wrapping the handle.
material used to wrap the handle. Silk, Leather, etc.
Belly skin from a type of Ray. However, the word SAME means
"shark", not "ray fish".
Decorative fixtures on handle.
Fitting between handle and guard.
Spacers on either side of tsuba.
Fitting between tsuba and blade, wedge for koiguchi.
Ko = small, Katana = blade. Small knife carried in a pocket on the Saya.
Ko = small, Tsuka = handle. Handle of the Kogatana.
lit. "white scabbard", a plain storage-only scabbard
Scabbard mouth (literally carp's mouth).
Knob for tying sageo.
Metal fittings inside the kurigata.
Cord from saya (kurigata) to hakama himo.
Fitting at end of saya, end of saya.
Parts of a shinai:
- leather tip of shinai
- the middle knot that holds the shinai staves together
- the leather handle
- disc guard
- the rubber that keep the guard from sliding down.
Body motions. TAI Body. SABAKI Movement.
Rear foot moves forward and turns to face opponent, front foot turns to
establish feet again in kamae but with opposite foot forward.
Turning foot, the main axis of rotation.
ASHI Pushing or pressing foot.
Moving one foot behind the other to face 180 degrees.
"Bird walk" as in ayuma ashi.
Shift forward, as in a strike, using the hips.
Foot motion as shifting forward, front and back slide together, not two
Following foot, step forward with front foot, then rear foot moves same
distance forward to regain original distance apart.
Half step, rear foot up to front then front forward again.
Names of roles:
Defender, teacher side in waza practice.
Performer of technique.
Completing sword. Finishes partner practice.
Entering sword. "Attacker" in partner practice.
UKE Receiver (of technique)
The body (top down):
Centreline of body
Front or top of head.
Side of head.
Side of head, temple
Point on face between the eyes.
Same as gammen.
Centre of upper lip.
Chest / side of body at ribs
Chest. Particularily the area over the heart, in kendo, the embroidered
part of the do above the do target.
Open / palm of hand.
Arm in general.
Back of hand
Finger / toe
Centre of balance, below navel.
As per tanden.
Foot or leg.
Mutual strike, strikes at the same time.
KYO SOKU KEI
Big strong fast smooth.
Strike at the outset, as opponent moves, like sen no waza.
Frozen or stopped mind.
Immovable mind, calm spirit.
Grandeur, large feeling, full motions.
NO SEN NO WAZA (GO NO SEN) Strike at a suki, a mind stopping. Strike before the opponent forms the
intention to strike.
Slow, faster, fastest.
Yelling to get extra energy.
Pressure from the sword, esp. the tip.
Spirit, energy, inner strength.
KEN TAI ICHI
Spirit, sword, body, one.
Sharpness of movement, positive end of cut or thrust.
Breath, breath power.
Distance, space, interval (in time).
Mutual distance (in space.
Chasing or following strikes, attack as opponent retreats.
Unification of action and theory.
The skill beyond technique only.
NO UCHI NO KACHI
Saya = scabbard, uchi = inside, kachi = victory. The sword in the saya,
winning without drawing.
Initiative, to forestall.
NO WAZA (SEN)
Strike faster than opponent, before attack delivered.
SEN NO WAZA (SEN NO SEN) Strike as opponent commits to an attack but before he moves.
Keep, break, leave. Memorize technique, question and understand, forget
Sacrifice technique, accept a blow to deliver one.
More Important Concepts.. top
New Jersey Cherry Hill Ken-yu Kai LLC. All Right Reserved 2004 ©